**T****HE ****N****ATURE OF ****M****ATTER**

**P****HYSICS
****M****YSTERIES
****E****XPLAINED
****P****ART ****III**

THE NATURE OF REST MASS

CHAPTER
3

**Rest Mass**

The Unit Particle of Matter Substructure
Theory, and the subsequent distinction between matter and energy as components
of Standard Model particles deduce that rest mass is the internal energy structural
energy.

Rest mass energy is the structural |

The rest mass of a particle is determined by the internal unit matter substructure
of the particle.

The energy bound in a particle structure as rest mass must rotate at harmonic intervals
in the closed loop. The closed loop of the energy in the particle structure is required
to be at harmonic intervals.

It must be stated that energy rotation about a host unit particle of matter is not
proposed to be anything like the planets orbiting the Sun. Energy rotation about
its host is a complex action and is described by the wave function of the particle.
Moving images of wave functions are extremely enlightening. The math tells it all.

For instance, electrons have a singlet unit particle of matter substructure with
a single energy loop hosted by a single unit particle of matter. The circumference
of the .51 MeV energy loop has a fundamental harmonic such that exactly two rotations
of the energy and the energy is at the same exact phase. The circumference of the
energy loop of the electron, curiously enough, occurs at half the wavelength, which
is why it takes two rotations of energy (720º) around the electron for the energy
to be at the same phase.

**Special Relativity: Why rest mass increases with velocity?**

The present understanding is mass increases with velocity according to the relativistic
equations. Which is of course, is correct.

A particle with a rest mass has to have infinite energy to travel at the speed of
light. That covers what, now we want to know how?

The proposed new mechanical insight however is: because the rest mass-energy of a
particle is a closed loop, there is always a component of the energy in the loop
which works against the momentum of the particle as the particle moves through the
background of matter.

In other words, rest mass energy is an energy that because of its closed loop nature
drags on the background, and the drag increases with velocity according to the relativistic
equations.

It would take an infinite amount of energy to overcome the negative influence of
the retrograde energy in the closed loop of the particle structure which causes basically,
drag through the background of matter.

Rest mass energy and momentum energy are made from the same quantities, units of
energy.

It is proposed, that strictly according to the relativistic equations, what is physically
meant by rest mass increasing with velocity is that it takes increasingly more momentum
energy to move that rest mass through the background (space) at greater velocity.

A rest mass particle has velocity due to the addition of momentum energy to its rest
mass energy. The physical reason behind the relativistic equations indicating the
diminishing returns for the addition of momentum energy toward increasing the velocity
of a particle with a rest mass is due to that as the velocity of the rest mass approaches
the speed of light, the retrograde energy in the internal structure of the particle
(its rest mass) causes greater and greater resistance against the background of matter.

Part III Chapter 2 The Nature of Matter

Part III Chapter 4 The Nature of Fractional Charge

Title Page of the

**Think you understand the Unit Matter Substructure
Theory?
Think you understand the Background of Matter Theory?**

**Comments welcome: ****jrees@starlight-pub.com**

**Last Update April 19, 2000***Created:
April 4, 1997*

*Copyright © 2000 *Starlight Publishing Company* Hermosa Beach, CA*