Rest Mass

The Unit Particle of Matter Substructure Theory, and the subsequent distinction between matter and energy as components of Standard Model particles deduce that rest mass is the internal energy structural energy.

Rest mass energy is the structural
energy of the particle.

The rest mass of a particle is determined by the internal unit matter substructure of the particle.

The energy bound in a particle structure as rest mass must rotate at harmonic intervals in the closed loop. The closed loop of the energy in the particle structure is required to be at harmonic intervals.

It must be stated that energy rotation about a host unit particle of matter is not proposed to be anything like the planets orbiting the Sun. Energy rotation about its host is a complex action and is described by the wave function of the particle. Moving images of wave functions are extremely enlightening. The math tells it all.

For instance, electrons have a singlet unit particle of matter substructure with a single energy loop hosted by a single unit particle of matter. The circumference of the .51 MeV energy loop has a fundamental harmonic such that exactly two rotations of the energy and the energy is at the same exact phase. The circumference of the energy loop of the electron, curiously enough, occurs at half the wavelength, which is why it takes two rotations of energy (720º) around the electron for the energy to be at the same phase.

Special Relativity: Why rest mass increases with velocity?

The present understanding is mass increases with velocity according to the relativistic equations. Which is of course, is correct.

A particle with a rest mass has to have infinite energy to travel at the speed of light. That covers what, now we want to know how?

The proposed new mechanical insight however is: because the rest mass-energy of a particle is a closed loop, there is always a component of the energy in the loop which works against the momentum of the particle as the particle moves through the background of matter.

In other words, rest mass energy is an energy that because of its closed loop nature drags on the background, and the drag increases with velocity according to the relativistic equations.

It would take an infinite amount of energy to overcome the negative influence of the retrograde energy in the closed loop of the particle structure which causes basically, drag through the background of matter.

Rest mass energy and momentum energy are made from the same quantities, units of energy.

It is proposed, that strictly according to the relativistic equations, what is physically meant by rest mass increasing with velocity is that it takes increasingly more momentum energy to move that rest mass through the background (space) at greater velocity.

A rest mass particle has velocity due to the addition of momentum energy to its rest mass energy. The physical reason behind the relativistic equations indicating the diminishing returns for the addition of momentum energy toward increasing the velocity of a particle with a rest mass is due to that as the velocity of the rest mass approaches the speed of light, the retrograde energy in the internal structure of the particle (its rest mass) causes greater and greater resistance against the background of matter.

Part III Chapter 2 The Nature of Matter
Part III Chapter 4 The Nature of Fractional Charge

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Last Update April 19, 2000Created: April 4, 1997

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