THE NATURE OF MATTER
Section 1 E=mc2 Mass-Energy and Matter
Section 2 E x B Electromagnetic Propagation
Section 3 E=hv Unit Photons
The deduction of the Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles allowed for the explanation of the famous equation E=mc2 which states that mass and energy are interchangeable quantities because the theory delineated the difference between energy quanta and units of matter as components in structures of Standard Model particles.
The equation does not state that matter and energy are interchangeable quantities, only that combinations of mass-energy are interchangeable.
Mass-energy and matter are two distinctly different entities quantities.
Mass-energy is permanent in nature. The Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles predicts that unit particles of matter are permanent in nature also.
The Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles predicts that energy must be required to be bound to a unit particle of matter at all times.
The Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles deduces that mass-energy bound in a particle as structural energy is rest mass.
Mass-energy bound to a doublet substructure as momentum energy or kinetic energy does not cause the substructure to have rest-mass, just momentum.
Photons have no rest mass because photons have doublet substructures, and doublet substructures have no structural energy in the double particle substructure.
Particles of matter with a rest mass have energy bound in a closed loop as part of the particle structure. Particles are composed of two components, unit charge unit particles of matter and units of mass-energy.
Energy is what causes mass, not unit particles of matter.
Momentum energy is the energy causing the physical motion of a particle.
Photons of light are quanta of mass-energy that propagate through spacetime using alternating electromagnetic fields.
It is proposed that the photon is composed of a doublet substructure with a positive unit of matter and an negative unit of matter, and some number of pairs of energy units.
A unit photon is defined as composed of 2 quanta of energy bound to two units of matter in a doublet substructure.
Planck's Law E=hv indicates that there is
h (h bar) energy per cycle
h is the amount of energy in one cycle of the two units
of energy in rotation about the two units of matter in a doublet in a unit photon.
The frequency value in Planck's Equation is proposed to represent the number of unit photons bound on the doublet substructure of the photon. Each unit photon is pair of energy units and accounts for one cycle of energy (frequency).
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Last Update April 22, 2000
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