**T****HE ****N****ATURE OF ****M****ATTER**

**P****HYSICS
****M****YSTERIES
****E****XPLAINED
****P****ART ****III**

PHOTONS

CHAPTER
8

Section 1 E=mc^{2}Mass-Energyand Matter

Section 2 E x B Electromagnetic Propagation

Section 3 E=hv Unit Photons

**M****ASS-****E****NERGY AND
****M****ATTER**

**Section ****1**The deduction of the Unit
Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles allowed for the explanation
of the famous equation E=mc

The equation does not state that matter and energy are interchangeable quantities, only that combinations of mass-energy are interchangeable.

Mass-energy and matter are two distinctly different entities quantities.

Mass-energy is permanent in nature. The Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles predicts that unit particles of matter are permanent in nature also.

The Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles predicts that energy must be required to be bound to a unit particle of matter at all times.

The Unit Particle Substructure Theory of Standard Model particles deduces that mass-energy bound in a particle as structural energy is rest mass.

Mass-energy bound to a doublet substructure as momentum energy or kinetic energy does not cause the substructure to have rest-mass, just momentum.

Photons have no rest mass because photons have doublet substructures, and doublet substructures have no structural energy in the double particle substructure.

Particles of matter with a rest mass have energy bound in a closed loop as part of the particle structure. Particles are composed of two components, unit charge unit particles of matter and units of mass-energy.

Energy is what causes mass, not unit particles of matter.

Momentum energy is the energy causing the physical motion of a particle.

**E****LECTROMAGNETIC
****P****ROPAGATION
Section 2**

from

by Colin A. Ronan published by Henry Holt 1994

The electrical field is composed of a positive and a negative pole. The magnetic field is also a dipole with a north pole and a south pole.

The electrical field vector points from positive to negative with the sign indicating the direction of the field vector. The magnetic field vector points from south to north and the positive sign indicates the direction of the south-to-north vector.

The electric and magnetic field vectors of the propagation of a photon can be created by the poles of electric charge being placed as shown below.

**U****NIT
****P****HOTONS**

Section 3

It is proposed that the photon is composed of a doublet substructure with a positive
unit of matter and an negative unit of matter, and some number of pairs of energy
units.

A **unit** **photon** is defined as composed of 2 quanta of energy bound to
two units of matter in a doublet substructure.

Planck's Law E=hv indicates that there is ~~h~~ (h bar) energy per cycle
or wave.

The quantity ~~h~~ is the amount of energy in one cycle of the two units
of energy in rotation about the two units of matter in a doublet in a unit photon.

The frequency value in Planck's Equation is proposed to represent the number of unit
photons bound on the doublet substructure of the photon. Each unit photon is pair
of energy units and accounts for one cycle of energy (frequency).

Part III Chapter 7 The Nature of Magnetic Flux

Part III Chapter 9 The Rotation of Energy

Title
Page of the
**N****ATURE OF ****M****ATTER****
**Table of Contents of the

**Think you understand the Unit Matter
Substructure Theory?
Think you understand the Background of Matter Theory?**

**Comments welcome: ****jrees@starlight-pub.com**

**Last Update April 22, 2000***Created
May 7, 1997*

*Copyright © 2000 *Starlight Publishing Company* Hermosa Beach, CA*